West China Journal of Stomatology

Previous Articles     Next Articles

The efficacy of collagen-hydroxyapatite composite membrane on bone regeneration

JIN Qiong1, WANG Xiao -min2, WANG Xiao -fei1, LI Xu -dong2, MA Jian -feng1   

  1. 1. Dept. of Prosthodontics, Hospital of Stomatology, Wenzhou Medical College, Wenzhou 325027  China; 2. Biomaterial and Engineering Research Center in Biomaterial, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China
  • Received:2011-02-25 Revised:2011-02-25 Online:2011-02-20 Published:2011-02-20
  • Contact: MA Jian -feng,Tel:0577-88063033


Objective To investigate the efficacy of a new collagen-hydroxyapatite(COL-HA) composite membrane on bone regeneration of SD rat cranial defects. Methods Four defects were produced in the calvaria of 24 SD rats. The animals were divided into four groups: Empty defects without membrane(group 1); defects covered by COL-HA single-layer dense membranes(group 2); defects covered by COL-HA double-layer membranes(group 3); defects covered by Bio-Gide membranes(group 4). At 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after surgery, 6 rats were sacrificed and the following parameters were analyzed: Macroscopic observation, X-ray examination, descriptive histology, regenerate bone quantitative histology. Statistical analysis consisted of generalized linear models/factorial design analysis of variance and LSD-t test was performed. Results Since two weeks after surgery, there were a small amount of bone regenerated in three groups except group 1. At 12 weeks after surgery, the opaque sclerous tissues filled with the defects in three groups, and residual membrane fragments still could be found. X-ray pictures showed the density of regenerate bone in group 3 and group 4 was closed to the original bone and greater than that of group 2. Quantitative analysis of regenerate bone showed that in initial stage, group 4 had more bone regeneration than the other groups(P<0.05), and at 12 weeks after surgery the differences between group 4 and group 2/group 3 had no statistically significant. Conclusion The COL-HA composite membranes can guide bone regeneration of rat cranial defects. The efficacy of bone regeneration of COL-HA double-layer membrane is superior to COL-HA single-layer dense membrane, because its property is more propitious to the adherence and proliferation of osteoblasts.

Key words: guide bone regeneration, collagen, hydroxyapatite, bone defect