West China Journal of Stomatology ›› 2021, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 175-181.doi: 10.7518/hxkq.2021.02.008

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Investigation and analysis of oral health status of the elderly in nursing homes in Taiyuan

Chang Le1(), Xu Jingchen1, Wang Xiangyu2, Chen Song1()   

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Dept. of Orthodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
    2.Dept. of Pdiatric Dentistry, Shanxi Medical University Hospital of Stomatology, Taiyuan 030000, China
  • Received:2020-04-14 Revised:2021-01-05 Online:2021-04-01 Published:2021-04-09
  • Contact: Chen Song E-mail:384120041@qq.com;songchen882002@hotmail.com
  • Supported by:
    College Students, Social Practice Project of China Oral Health Foundation(2015046)

Abstract: Objective

This study aims to investigate awareness of oral health care and health status among elderly people in nursing homes in Taiyuan. Strategies for preventing and treating oral diseases and improving the quality of life of the elderly in nursing homes were formulated on the basis of analyzed data.


A total of 359 participants from 48 nursing homes in six districts were selected randomly. Awareness, attitude, and behavior with regard to oral health care among the elderly were investigated through a survey using questionnaires and oral health examinations. Data were statistically analyzed with SPSS 20.0.


Among the elderly in the nursing homes in Taiyuan, awareness and behavior with regard to oral health care were deficient and inappropriate, and thus professional guidance was needed. In addition to method and time of brushing teeth and bad oral habits, the oral health status of the elderly was statistically affected by age and education. Compared with the data of the Fourth National Oral Epidemiological Investigation, the number of elderly people aged 55-64 or 65-74 years who brush their teeth every day and accept oral diagnosis and treatment was lower. However, the ratios of edentulous and missing teeth without treatment were higher than the national average level for the same age groups.


The awareness and attitude of the elderly in nursing homes with regard to oral health care are unsatisfactory, and their oral health status is poor. Education on oral health care, development of good oral care habits, and regular oral health examination are essential to the maintenance of oral health in elderly people.

Key words: nursing homes, elderly people, oral health care, oral health, influential factors

CLC Number: