West China Journal of Stomatology ›› 2023, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 434-442.doi: 10.7518/hxkq.2023.2022495

• Clinical Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Application of modified articular disc anchorage in treating the perforation and rupture of temporomandibular joint disc

Wang Tiebiao(), Zhou Wuchao, Xiao Yin, Cheng Jialong, Ouyang Zhoucheng, Cheng Chen, Xi Weihong.()   

  1. Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Affiliated Stomatological Hospital of Nanchang University, Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine of Jiangxi Province, Nanchang 330000, China
  • Received:2022-12-24 Revised:2023-04-09 Online:2023-08-01 Published:2023-07-21
  • Contact: Xi Weihong. E-mail:307334636@qq.com;xwh1975@163.com
  • Supported by:
    Jiangxi Provincial Key R&D Plan(20203BBG73048);Correspondence: Xi Weihong, E-mail: xwh1975@163.com


Objective This study aimed to use modified articular disc anchorage in treating old irreducible temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc displacement with perforation and rupture, as well as to explore its efficacy. Methods A total of 31 patients (34 sides) with 47 TMJ disc perforations who underwent surgical treatment in the Affiliated Stomatolo-gical Hospital of Nanchang University from January 2018 to December 2021 were selected. According to the location of disc perforation, it has five types: posterior disc perforation (typeⅠ), anterior disc perforation (typeⅡ), lateral disc perforation (type Ⅲ), composite disc perforation, and destruction disc perforation. The modified methods of disc anchoring were divided into two types according to the location of the perforation. TypesⅠandⅢ disc perforation were trea-ted by posterior anchoring method. For posterior ancho-ring, a screw was implanted into the posterolateral side of the condylar neck, and the disc was fixed on the screw by horizontal mattress suture. TypeⅡdisc perforation and compo-site disc perforation combined typeⅡperforation were treated by anterior and posterior double-anchoring method. For anterior anchoring, anchor screws or holes were placed at the anterior edge of the condylar neck, and horizontal mattress suture was performed at the posterior edge of the anterior perforation with an anchor wire. The articular disc was then fixed on the anchor screws or holes. For the posterior anchoring method, it was the same as the previous one. Paired t test was used to analyze the visual analog scale (VAS), maximum interincisal opening (MIO), and TMJ disorder index (CMI) of the patient before surgery and 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Disk-condyle position relationship by magnetic resonance imaging and postoperative quality of life in postoperative were analyzed. Results The incidence of perforation was 41.2% (14/34) in typeⅠ, 11.8% (4/34) in typeⅡ, 8.8% (3/34) in typeⅢ, 29.4% (10/34) in composite type, and 8.8% (3/34) in destruction type. The VAS, MIO, and CMI at 3, 6 months after operation significantly improved compared with those before operation (P<0.05). The effective reduction rate of disc was 96.77% (30/31). The quality of life at 6 months after surgery was 47.22±2.13, and the rate of excellent evaluation was 96.4% (27/28). Conclusion Modified articular disc anchorage achieves a good curative effect for treating temporomandibular joint disc perforation and rupture. Nevertheless, its long-term effect requires further observation.

Key words: temporomandibular joint, anterior disc displacement, disc perforation, modified articular disc anchorage, surgical treatment

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