West China Journal of Stomatology ›› 2019, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (1): 76-80.doi: 10.7518/hxkq.2019.01.015

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Characteristics of mandible and mandibular dentition according to vertical facial skeletal features of adolescents

Yao Ye1,2,Qingzhu Li2,Jingqiu Tu1,Yonghua Lei1()   

  1. 1. Dept. of Orthodontics, Center of Stomatology, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha 410013, China
    2. The Second Department of Stomatology, Zhuzhou Central Hospital, Zhuzhou 412007, China
  • Received:2018-01-17 Revised:2018-11-09 Online:2019-02-01 Published:2019-02-01
  • Contact: Yonghua Lei E-mail:lyh8484123@126.com


Objective We aim to examine teenagers with varying vertical facial skeletal types with near-normal occlusion. We further aim to identify and study mandibular morphology and dentition characteristics to establish normal ranges and variations for future clinical reference. Methods According to the results of the case studies, 42 adolescents with near-normal occlusion were divided into three groups, namely, low- (7 cases), average- (23 cases) and high-angle (12 cases) groups. We used Invivo 5 software for Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) data to calculate the cant of occlusal plane, axis corner of L6, ∠L1/MP, ∠L6/MP, Balkwill angle and Bonwill triangle of each group. Results Markedly, the finding shows that the cant of occlusal plane and axis corner of L6 in the low-angle group were smaller than those of the other two groups. In the average-angle group, ∠L1/MP was larger than that of the high-angle group. Lastly, in the high-angle group, ∠L6/MP was smaller than those of the two other groups. On the one hand, these differences were considered statistically signi-ficant (P<0.05). On the other hand, other measurements show that these differences were considered statistically non-significant (P>0.05). Conclusion In the low-angle group, the parallelisation of the occlusal plane tends to be more obvious compared with the two other groups. In the coronal section of the low-angle group, the axis of the mandibular first molar is up-right, whereas it is distally tilted in the sagittal section of the high-angle group. Furthermore, a number of differences are noted in the adult groups. Factors, such as aging and development in the craniofacial region, lead to changes in functional occlusion.

Key words: teenagers, vertical facial skeletal type, mandible, dentition, individual-normal occlusion, cone beam computed tomography

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