West China Journal of Stomatology

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Expression of heat shock protein 27 in cigarette smoke extract-induced injury of human gingival fibroblasts

Zhou Qin, Sun Ruinan, Zhu Zhenkun   

  1. School of Stomatology of Shandong University, Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Tissue Regeneration, Jinan 250012, China
  • Online:2016-02-01 Published:2016-02-01


Objective  This research aimed to observe the expression of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) cell injury induced by different concentrations of cigarette smoke extract (CSE). Methods  The third to eighth generations of cultured HGFs were treated with serially diluted CSE of different concentrations (0, 2.5%, 5.0%, 12.5%, 25.0%, 50.0%). Wound-healing assay was performed to determine the migration of HGFs, and Western blot was used to determine the expression of HSP27. Results  The migration capability of HGFs weakened with the increase of CSE concentration. HSP27 expression was negative in normal HGFs but positive in CSE-intervened HGFs in a concentration-dependent manner. Conclusion  HSP27 concentration increased in the CSE-induced injury of HGFs. This finding suggests that HSP27 plays an important role in CSE-induced epithelial injury.

Key words: cigarette smoke extract, heat shock protein 27, human gingival fibroblasts, epithelial injury