West China Journal of Stomatology ›› 2021, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 524-530.doi: 10.7518/hxkq.2021.05.005

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Effects of different irradiators on the establishment of osteoradionecrosis model of rat mandible

Chen Huawei(), Zhang Shengfu, He Haitao.()   

  1. Dept. of Stomatology, Daping Hospital, Army Medical University, Chongqing 400042, China
  • Received:2020-08-21 Revised:2021-06-19 Online:2021-10-01 Published:2021-10-11
  • Contact: He Haitao. E-mail:836405128@qq.com;jack_paul223@si-na.com
  • Supported by:
    Basic and Frontier Research of Chongqing Commission of Science and Technology(cstc2016jcyjA0590);Correspondence: He Haitao, E-mail: jack_paul223@sina.com

Abstract: Objective

To compare the effects of different irradiators on the establishment of osteoradionecrosis of jaw model (ORNJ) to explore an ideal modeling method.

Methods

A total of 33 adult SD rats were included and randomly divided into three groups according to the radiation equipment, namely, the blank control (CN, 3 rats), group A (linear accelerator irradiation, 15 rats), and group B (small-animal irradiator irradiation, 15 rats). Groups A and B were irradiated with daily fractions of 7, 8, and 9 Gy for 5 days and further divided into three subgroups as follows: group A35/B35, 35 Gy; group A40/B40, 40 Gy; and group A45/B45, 45 Gy. The left mandibular molars of the rats were extracted 1 week after irradiation. The rats were sacrificed 3 weeks after tooth extraction, and the mandible specimens were obtained for gross observation, micro-CT scanning, and histological detection to evaluate the success rate of modeling.

Results

At 3 weeks after dental extractions, complete gingival healing was found in the regions of dental extractions in groups A35 and A40. However, failed gingival healing and bone exposure were found in groups A45 and B. Hematoxylin and eosin staining showed necrotic bone of the irradiated mandible in groups A40, A45,and B, with success modeling rates of 40% in group A and 93.3% in group B.

Conclusion

Small-animal irradiator irradiation is an ideal device for establishing ORNJ model.

Key words: linear accelerator, small-animal irradiator, osteoradionecrosis of jaw, model

CLC Number: