West China Journal of Stomatology ›› 2012, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (4): 420-424.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-1182.2012.04.023

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Response of bone morphogenetic protein-2 and basic fibroblast growth factor in bone marrow stromal cells in ectopic and in situ bone formation

Wang Lei1, Zhang Yan2, You Sulan3, Tan Luanjun4, Huang Yuanliang3.   

  1. 1. Dept. of Stomatology, Hongqiao Community Medical Service Center in Changning District of Shanghai, Shanghai 200051, China; 2. Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The Affiliated Stomatology Hospital of Tongji University, Shanghai 200072, China; 3. Dept. of Stomatology, The Affiliated East Hospital of Tongji University, Shanghai 200120, China; 4. Dept. of Stomatology, Pudong Hospital, Shanghai 200130, China
  • Received:2011-09-10 Revised:2011-12-05 Online:2012-08-01 Published:2012-08-01


Objective We ascertained the effect of bone morphogenetic protein-2(BMP-2) and basic fibroblast growth factor(bFGF) by a series of experiments: Proliferation and differentiation of bone marrow stromal cells(BMSCs) in vitro, ectopic and in situ bone formation and loaded porous calcium phosphate cement(CPC) on the repair of bone defects around dental implants. Methods BMSCs from Beagle dogs were cultured in vitro with basic culture medium containing BMP-2, bFGF, and BMP-2+bFGF. Proliferation and differentiation of BMSCs were quantified using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) and alkaline phosphatase(ALP) test. The CPC seeded with BMSCs and BMP-2, bFGF, combined BMP-2 with bFGF were implanted subcutaneously into nude rats in ectopic bone formation, and were implanted into critical-sized bone defects of Beagle dogs in the in situ bone formation. The bone formation was detected by histology examination and quantified using an image analysis system. Polychrome sequential fluorescent labels and fluorescence histological examinations of undecalcified sections were performed post-operatively. Results It was determined that BMP-2+bFGF promoted BMSCs statistically significant proliferation and differentiation compared to either BMP-2 or bFGF in vitro. The CPC with BMP-2+bFGF group yielded more bone than those with either BMP-2 or bFGF in
ectopic bone formation test. The percentages of newly ectopic formed bone were higher in the BMP-2+bFGF group (48.79%±11.31%) than those in other groups(BMP-2 group, 30.71%±10.85%; bFGF group, 27.33%±9.67%; and the control group, 10.65%±6.05%). Undecalcified sections showed that new bone was actively formed in the BMP-2+bFGF group after 12 weeks in the in situ bone formation test. The bone mineralization apposition rate(MAR) was better in the BMP-2+bFGF group than in other groups(P<0.01). Conclusion BMP-2 combined with bFGF are more effective than one alone in promoting the formation of new bone.

Key words: bone marrow stromal cells, bone morphogenetic protein-2, basic fibroblast growth factor, bone formation