West China Journal of Stomatology ›› 2023, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 599-603.doi: 10.7518/hxkq.2023.2023086

• Case Report • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Stevens-Johnson syndrome secondary to massive inflammatory hyperplasia of bilateral lingual margins: a case report and literature review

Lin Juan(), Yu Fan, Li Xiaona, Li Bingyan, Zhang Ruipu, Xie Weihong.()   

  1. Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Ward 2, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450000, China
  • Received:2023-03-21 Revised:2023-06-25 Online:2023-10-01 Published:2023-10-08
  • Contact: Xie Weihong. E-mail:lj088111510034@163.com;xiewh1973@sina.com


Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), also known as the multifactorial erythematous drug eruption, is a class of adverse reactions of the skin and mucous membranes primarily caused by drug allergy often involving the oral cavity, eyes, and external genital mucosa, generally accompanied by fever, and can be life-threatening in severe cases. In February 2022, the Department of Stomatology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University admitted a patient with huge inflammatory hyperplasia of bilateral lingual margins secondary to SJS. Upon admission, no other obvious symptoms were observed except for tongue hyperplasia. The patient suffered from a severe adverse drug reaction caused by acetaminophen 2 months ago and was complicated by liver dysfunction and pulmonary infection. After 1 month of treatment and rehabilitation, he developed a secondary tongue mass and was subsequently admitted to Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Ward 2, the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. After completing the examination, the tongue mass was surgically removed. After a follow-up of 11 months, the patient’s condition was satisfactory and no temporary discomfort was observed. The case of tongue mass secondary to SJS is extremely rare. If a stomatologist encounters a similar case, we should carefully inquire about the drug allergy history and recent medication history, and be alert to whether or not they had adverse drug reactions recently.

Key words: Stevens-Johnson syndrome, adverse drug reactions, oral mucosa

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