West China Journal of Stomatology ›› 2021, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 170-174.doi: 10.7518/hxkq.2021.02.007

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Clinical study of age-related sensory innervation of the anterior hard palate

Li Xiufen1(), Liu Chang2, Liu Jiyuan2, Qu Tao2, Pan Weilin2, Pan Jian2, Hua Chengge2()   

  1. 1.Dept. of Stomatology, Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 310012, China
    2.State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2020-06-08 Revised:2021-01-12 Online:2021-04-01 Published:2021-04-09
  • Contact: Hua Chengge E-mail:843189113@qq.com;huacg@163.com
  • Supported by:
    Key Research and Development Foundation of Sichuan Province(2018SZ0181)

Abstract: Objective

The present study aimed to explore the innervation of the anterior hard palatine and its relationship with individual development stage. Specifically, the effects of anesthesia on patients of different ages were observed, and neurodevelopment in the maxillofacial region was invesitgated. References that are helpful in selecting local anesthesia were provided.


A total of 182 patients with mixed dentition were randomly divided into the nasopalatine nerve block and greater palatine nerve block groups. Then, 219 patients with permanent dentition were divided into an adolescent group (13-18 years old) and adult group (over 19 years old), all of whom underwent bilateral greater palatine nerve block. Palatal mucosal pain sensation was tested pre- and post-anesthesia with Von Frey hairs.


Among the children with mixed dentition, bilateral greater palatine nerve block tended to result in better anesthetic effects than nasopalatine nerve block (P<0.05), except in the incisive papilla. No difference in anesthetic effect was observed between adolescents and adults (P>0.05). The bilateral greater palatine nerve block was more effective in inducing an anesthestic effect in the anterior hard palatine in mixed dentition than in permanent dentition (over 13 years old; P<0.05).


The sensation of the anterior hard palatine seems mainly dominated by the greater palatine nerve until mixed dentition and gradually shifted to the nasopalatine nerve in conjunction with maxillary development and tooth replacement. Hence, the innervation of the anterior hard palatine induce a secondary development during the development of the maxilla.

Key words: nasopalatine nerve, greater palatine nerve, innervation, local anesthesia, nerve development

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