West China Journal of Stomatology

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Investigation on Oral Lesions in 64 Chinese HIV/AIDS Patients in Guangxi Province

TAO Ren-chuan1,DENGHua-jie1, YAZu-ke1,GUO Su-zhen2,LIANG Shu-xiong2,LIUWei2   

  1. 1.Dept. ofOral Medicine,Affiliated StomatologyHospital ofGuangxi Medical University,Nanning530021,China;2.Disease Control Center ofGuangxi, Nanning530021,China
  • Received:2005-08-25 Revised:2005-08-25 Online:2005-08-20 Published:2005-08-20


Objective To investigate the prevalence, age and gender distribution and clinical features of HIV/AIDS oral le- sions in patients in Guangxi province, and to provide the epidemiological information for prevention and treatment of these diseases in the certain population.Methods Atotal of 64 HIV/AIDS patients were included in this study. All patientsHIV serum-status was confirmed in Guangxi Center of Disease Control (GXCDC). Oral examination was carried out by standardized specialists. HIV/AIDS orofacial lesionswere recorded and diagnosed usingthe EC ClearingHouse Criteria on Oral Problems related toHIVIn- fection (1992).Results Among the total of 64 HIV/AIDS patients included in this study, there were 53 males and 11 females, withmean age of 36·1 years. Candidiasiswasthe most common lesionwiththe pseudomembranoustype predominating.High prevalences of xerostomia, 11 oral ulceration and 7 HIV related periodontitis were noted. 6 Herpetic stomatitis and 3 herpes zoster, 2 oral hairy leukoplakia and 1 Kaposi′s sarcoma and 1 lymphadentitis alsowere found.Conclusion This study shows a high prevalence of candidia- sis, salivary gland disease. Maybe oral ulceration prevalence is not increased, but lesion severity is increased with more severe heperi- form or major RAU. It suggested thatHIV/AIDS usually shows oral lesion and partly can appear in early phase.

Key words: human immunodeficiency virus, oral lesion, candidiasis