West China Journal of Stomatology ›› 2021, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 188-194.doi: 10.7518/hxkq.2021.02.010

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Effects of antimicrobial peptide GH12 on the morphology and composition of cariogenic three-species biofilm

Li Xinwei(), Wang Yufei, Jiang Wentao, Zhang Linglin()   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases & Dept. of Cariology and Endodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
  • Received:2020-05-11 Revised:2021-01-09 Online:2021-04-01 Published:2021-04-09
  • Contact: Zhang Linglin E-mail:lixinwei12956@163.com;zhll_sc@163.com
  • Supported by:
    The National Natural Science Foundation(81771062);Sichuan Province Youth Science and Technology Innovation Research Team Project(2020JDTD0014)

Abstract: Objective

To evaluate the effects of antimicrobial peptide GH12 designed de novo on the structure, morphology, and composition of a cariogenic three-species biofilm.

Methods

The cariogenic three-species biofilm consis-ted of the cariogenic Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and commensal bacteria Streptococcus sanguinis (S. sanguinis) and Streptococcus gordonii (S. gordonii). The biofilm was treated using GH12 (2, 4, and 8 mg·L-1), and untreated biofilm was used as the control. Changes in the morphology and structure of the three-species biofilm were evaluated through crystal violet staining, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). Moreover, S. mutans in the biofilm was selectively cultured, and its colony-forming units were counted.

Results

The biomass and density of the cariogenic three-species biofilm treated with GH12 decreased compared with those of the control. The number of S. mutans decreased gradually and eventually became undetectable, whereas the number of S. gordonii and S. sanguinis increased and became predominant in the biofilm.

Conclusion

GH12 can reduce the number of S. mutans within the cariogenic three-species biofilm, destroys its integrity, and consequently makes the biofilm easy to remove.

Key words: antimicrobial peptide, dental plaque, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguinis, Streptococcus gordonii

CLC Number: