West China Journal of Stomatology ›› 2021, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (2): 143-152.doi: 10.7518/hxkq.2021.02.004

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Effect of different orthodontic forces on the expression of T helper cell 17 cell-related cytokines in the pressure side of periodontal tissue in rats

Wang Luyao1(), Wang Bo2, Cong Beibei3, Cui Tao4, Du Yuqing4, Song Yu4()   

  1. 1.School of Stomatology of Qingdao University, Qingdao 266003, China
    2.The Second Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230601, China
    3.The Central Laboratory of Qingdao Stomatological Hospital Affiliated to Qingdao University, Qingdao 266001, China
    4.Dept. of Orthodontics, Qingdao Stomatological Hospital Affiliated to Qingdao University, Qing-dao 266001, China
  • Received:2020-07-17 Revised:2020-12-23 Online:2021-04-01 Published:2021-04-09
  • Contact: Song Yu E-mail:Wly6gyz@163.com;bmusy2002dy@163.com
  • Supported by:
    Qingdao Key Health Discipline Development Fund (2020-2022)

Abstract: Objective

This study aimed to explore the changes in the expression of the characteristic transcription factor retinoid related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) and the cytokine interleukin-17 (IL-17) of T helper cell 17 (Th17) in the pressure side of the periodontal tissue of rats under different orthodontic forces. Their effects on the expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and the quantity of osteoclast (OC) were also explored. The role of Th17 cell in alveolar bone remodeling under different forces was preliminarily investigated.

Methods

A total of 108 rats were chosen and randomly divided into three groups. Mesial forces of 0, 50, and 100 g were loaded on the maxillary first molar in the three groups. The rats were executed at 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, and 14 days. The expression of RORγt mRNA was quantified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The expression of IL-17 protein was quantified by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The expression levels of RORγt and OPG proteins were quantified, and the quantity of OC was counted via immunohistochemistry.

Results

The expression levels of RORγt and IL-17 and the quantity of OC increased first and then decreased in the 50 and 100 g groups, and the peak values of the two groups were on days 5 and 7, respectively. The expression levels in the 50 g group basically recovered to normal level on day 14, while that in the 100 g group remained at a high level. The expression levels in the 50 g group were higher than those in the 0 g group and lower than those in the 100 g group. The expression of OPG in the 50 g group decreased first, then increased, and finally decreased. It basically recovered to normal level on day 14. The expression of OPG in the 100 g group decreased first and then increased. It remained at a high level on day 14. The expression in the 50 g group was significantly higher than that in the 0 g group on day 7, while the expression in the 100 g group was significantly higher than that in the 0 g group on day 14.

Conclusion

RORγt, IL-17, and OPG were expressed regularly over time under different orthodontic forces, indicating that Th17 participated in the process of bone resorption on the pressure side of periodontal tissue by secreting IL-17.

Key words: orthodontic tooth movement, T helper cell 17, interleukin-17, osteoprotegerin, osteoimmunology

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