West China Journal of Stomatology ›› 2016, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (6): 564-569.doi: 10.7518/hxkq.2016.06.003

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Ex vivo assessment of the potency of optical coherence tomography for the detection of early occlusal caries

Dai Xiaohua1,Yao Hui1, Lian Xiaoli1, Li Yanni1, Wang Yingying2, Liu Xiaobin2, Xing Lu2   

  1. 1. Experimental Research Center, TianjinStomatology Hospital, Tianjin 300041, China; 2. Dept. of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Tianjin Stomatology Hospital,Tianjin 300041, China)Supported by: The National Nature Science Foundation of China(30770597). Correspondence: Yao Hui, E-mail: yaoh2k@163.com.
  • Received:2016-02-22 Revised:2016-09-15 Online:2016-12-01 Published:2016-12-01

Abstract: Objective This study aimed to evaluate the potency of optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect earlyocclusal caries compared with clinical visual examination. Methods Approximately 97 sites of occlusal fissures on 77 extractedaccessional human teeth were scored by three examiners using conventional visual examination and OCT. Results of histologicalexamination on these sites obtained by polarimicroscope served as a gold standard to analyze the sensitivity (SE), specificity(SP), positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV). Results of the area under receiver operatingcharacteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) by visual examination and OCT were also analyzed. The Spearman’s rank correlationcoefficient with histology and the inter-examiner reliability were compared. Results For sites of enamel demineralizationlimited to the outer 1/2 of the enamel layer, the detection rate of OCT (14/25) was obviously higher than that of the clinicaland visual examination (3/25). SE, SP, PPV and NPV of OCT during diagnosis of the early occlusal caries (0.83, 0.64, 0.87and 0.57) were higher than that of the visual examination (0.79, 0.60, 0.85 and 0.50). AUC (95%CI) of OCT and the visualexamination were 0.737 (0.569-0.822) and 0.696 (0.614-0.859), respectively. No statistically significant difference was observedbetween the results. Results of OCT correlated well with histology (r=0.559, P<0.05). The inter-examiner reliability of OCTwas medium. Conclusion OCT can accurately detect early occlusal lesions atraumatically with high sensitivity and effectiveness.OCT exhibits the potential of auxiliary clinical diagnosis enhancing detection rate and finally implementing early diagnosis and early intervention of early occlusal lesions inclinical practice.

Key words: occlusal caries, early caries, optical coherencetomography, visual examination

CLC Number: