West China Journal of Stomatology

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Research on the designing method of a special shade guide for tooth whitening

Xu Yingxin.   

  1. Dept. of Stomatology, Shenzhen Hospital of Peking University, Shenzhen 518036, China
  • Received:2015-03-21 Revised:2015-07-10 Online:2015-10-01 Published:2015-10-01


Objective  To investigate a method of designing an accurate and scientific shade guide, especially used for judging the effect of tooth whitening, by analyzing the colorimetric values of discolored teeth statistically. Methods  One hundred thirty-six pictures of patients who had been receiving the Beyond cold light whitening treatment from February 2009 to July 2014 were analyzed, including 25 tetracycline teeth, 61 mottled-enamel teeth, and 50 yellow teeth. The colorimetric values of discolored teeth were measured. The L* values of shade tabs were calculated by hierarchical clustering of those of discolored teeth. The a* and b* values of shade tabs were the mean of those observed for discolored teeth. Accordingly, different shade guides were designed for each type of discolored teeth, and the effects were evaluated. Results  A statistically significant difference in colorimetric values was found among the three types of discolored teeth. Compared with the Vitapan Classical shade guide, the shade guides designed through the present method were more scientific and accurate in judging the effect of tooth whitening. Moreover, the arrangement of shade tabs was more logical, and the color difference between shade tabs and discolored teeth was smaller. Conclusion  The proposed designing method is theoretically feasible, although its clinical effect has yet to be proven.

Key words: tooth whitening, colorimetric values, shade matching, shade guide, hierarchical clustering