West China Journal of Stomatology

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Assessment of tooth bleaching efficacy with spectrophotometer

Zhu Wenhao, Liu Chang, Pan Jie   

  1. Dept. of General Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing 100081, China
  • Online:2014-06-01 Published:2014-06-01


Objective  To analyze the changes in CIE L*, a*, and b* at cervical, body, and incisal sites after tooth bleaching by using a spectrophotometer. Methods  Sixty-seven intact and healthy maxillary central incisors were in-vestigated. These incisors were darker than A3 according to the Vita Classical shade guide. The CIE tooth shade parameters L*, a*, and b* were simultaneously recorded at three tooth areas (cervical, body, and incisal) with a spectrophotometer before and after tooth bleaching (35%H2O2 coordinating with Beyond whitening accelerator irradiating). The shade dif-ferential (ΔE) was calculated. ANOVA, paired t-test, and Pearson correlation analysis were used for data analysis. Results  The efficacy rates of tooth bleaching were satisfactory, with 86.6%, 86.6%, and 85.1% in the cervical, body, and incisal sites, respectively. The average values of ΔE were 5.09, 4.44, and 4.40 in the cervical, body, and incisal sites. Tooth bleaching significantly increased L* and significantly decreased a* and b* in all tooth areas (P<0.01). The decreasing range of Δb* was more than the increasing range of ΔL* at the cervical site; opposite results were observed at the incisal site. A positive correlation was detected between baseline b* and ΔE. Conclusion  The spectrophotometer could objectively evaluate the whitening effect of tooth bleaching at the different tooth sites. The tooth bleaching system (35%H2O2 coordinating with Beyond whitening accelerator irradiating) exerts powerful bleaching actions in most of the tooth areas investigated. The order of tooth bleaching effectiveness is cervical>body>incisal. Yellow coloration is decreased mainly at the cervical site, and brightness was increased mostly at theincisal site. The effectiveness of tooth bleaching increases as the baseline b* value increases.

Key words: tooth bleaching, spectrophotometer, color measurement